Planting reminders for June

(also Love-lies-bleeding)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from 18 months.

Artichokes (Globe)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from May.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from 24 months.

Asparagus Pea
(also Winged bean)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

Beans - climbing
(also Pole beans, Runner beans, Scarlet Runners)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

Beans - dwarf
(also French beans, Bush beans)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

(also Beets)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

(also Burrage, Bugloss)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from August.

Brussels sprouts
Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from September.

(also Gobo (Japanese Burdock))
Plant in garden.
Harvest from November.

Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from August.

Cape Gooseberry
(also Golden Berry, Inca Berry )
Plant in garden.
Harvest from October.

(also Bell peppers, Sweet peppers)
Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from September.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from October.

Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from October.

Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from October.

Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from October.

(also Witloof, Belgian endive)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from November.

Chilli peppers
(also Hot peppers)
Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from August.

Chinese cabbage
(also Wong bok, wong nga pak)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

(also Garden chives)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

(also Chayote squash, christophene, chouchou, mirliton)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from January.

(also Collard greens, Borekale)
Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from September.

(also Cilantro, Chinese parsley)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from August.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

(also Japanese radish, Lo Bok)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

(also Aubergine)
Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from September.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

(also Bronze fennel)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from October.

Florence Fennel
(also Finocchio)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from October.

French tarragon
Plant in garden.
Harvest from August.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from November.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from January.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from November.

(also Borecole)
Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from August.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from October.

Lemon Balm
(also Sweet balm, )
Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from August.

(also Loofah, plant sponge)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from October.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from October.

(also Garden mint)
Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from August.

(also Japanese Greens, Mitzuna, Mibuna)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from August.

Mustard greens
(also gai choy)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from August.

NZ Spinach
(also Warrigal greens)
Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from August.

(also Ladyfinger, gumbo)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from October.

Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from December.

(also Pot Marjoram)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from August.

Pak Choy
(also Pak choi)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from August.

(also curly leaf parsley or flat leaf (Italian) parsley)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from October.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from August.

(also Canteloupe)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from 12 months.

(also Common Sage)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from 18 months.

(also Vegetable oyster)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from October.

Savory - summer savory
(also 'Bean Herb')
Plant in garden.
Harvest from August.

Savory - winter savory
(also Savory)
Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from August.

(also Eschalots)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from October.

(also Swiss Chard or Mangold)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

Spring onions
(also Scallions, Bunching onions, Welsh onion)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

(also Crookneck, Pattypan, Summer squash)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

Strawberries (from seeds)
Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Harvest from 12 months.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

Sweet corn
(also maize)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from October.

Sweet Marjoram
(also Knotted marjoram)
Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from August.

Sweet Potato
(also Kumara)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from October.

(also Common thyme)
Start undercover in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.
Harvest from May.

Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from September.

Plant out (transplant) seedlings.
Harvest from August.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from August.

Plant in garden.
Harvest from September.

(also Sunroot)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from January.

(also Oca)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from October.

(also Courgette/Marrow, Summer squash)
Plant in garden.
Harvest from August.

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Fruits high in sugar

Like vegetables, fruits are very healthy because they are an excellent source of numerous vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. For example, many fruits contain large amounts of vitamin C, the nutrient that assists with iron absorption, is required for wound healing and plays a part in ensuring that our immune system functions well.

Unlike vegetables however, many fruits tend to contain significant amounts of sugar, giving them their sweet taste. It is for this reason that experts generally recommend fruit intake should be limited to 2 cups per day. If you are obese or diabetic, it is important to speak to your doctor so that he or she can advise you on how much fruit you should be eating.

There are certain fruits that contain much more sugar than others. These are the ones we will be discussing in this article.

1. Dates

16 g of sugar per pitted medjool date (24 g)

When fruit is dried, most of the water evaporates away, leaving behind concentrated amounts of sugar. It is for this reason dried fruits such as dates contain the most sugar. Indeed, dates are very sweet, and are often referred to as “nature’s candy”. Dried fruits are also much higher in calories than their fleshy counterparts.

Together with sugar, dates are a source of small amounts of potassium, magnesium, manganese and iron. They are also rich in antioxidants.

Because dried fruit contains far more calories and sugar then fleshy fruit, it should be consumed in moderation. 1 or 2 mejool dates per day would be the recommended amount.

2. Raisins

15 g of sugar per 50 raisins (26 g)

Like dates, raisins are another type of dried fruit that are enjoyed worldwide, either on their own, or as part of other foods such as trail mixes, health bars and baked goods. They are obtained by drying grapes, which means they retain a lot of the sugar and nutrients that grapes have, in concentrated amounts.

A number of studies have found that the consumption of raisins may reduce cardiovascular risk factors and increase feelings of fullness, amongst other benefits. However, just like with dates, it is important to eat raisins in moderation.

3. Prunes

11 g of sugar per 3 pitted prunes (30 g)

Yet another type of dried fruit, prunes are what you get when you dry plums. They are a good source of vitamins A & K, and studies have also shown that they may help prevent cancer and heart disease because of their high antioxidant content.

Prunes and prune juice are well known for their laxative effects, which is thanks to their high fiber and sorbitol (a type of sugar alcohol) content. In fact, prunes are considered to be more effective than many other laxatives, which is why they are recommended during times of constipation.

4. Figs

8 g of sugar per medium raw fig (50 g)

Figs are native to Asia and the Middle East but are now grown all around the world. They can be eaten raw or dried, with the latter containing more calories, sugar and nutritional value. Like with many other fruits, figs are abundant in powerful disease fighting antioxidants. Studies have found that they have anticancer and immune boosting properties.

Figs are very versatile, meaning they can be incorporated into all sorts of delicious recipes. This includes granola, health bars, salads and sauces. You can find lots of fig recipes here.

5. Grapes

23 g of sugar per cup (151 g)

One of the most delicious fruits out there, grapes have been enjoyed by humans for a very long time. A cup of grapes provides you with 27% of your daily value (DV) of vitamin C and 28% of your DV of vitamin K.

Grapes also contain resveratrol, a phytonutrient mostly found in their skins, that protects cells from free radical damage, lowers blood pressure and keeps the heart healthy. You can find more in-depth information on these benefits here.

Both red and green grapes are nutritious and should be a part of your diet. Grapes are a great replacement for fat rich desserts or candy; their high sugar content helps to satisfy a sweet tooth for a fraction of the calories.

6. Pomegranates

24 g of sugar per cup of pomegranate arils (174 g)

Pomegranates contain unique beneficial compounds, making them one of the healthiest fruits on the planet. These compounds are punicalagins and punicic acid, which give pomegranates many of their health benefits.

One of these is their powerful anti-inflammatory effects. Reducing inflammation in the body in turn reduces the risk of several types of diseases, such as cancer. Indeed, studies have found that pomegranates may be effective at fighting prostrate and breast cancer.

Other studies have also found that pomegranates may help fight arthritis, improve memory, reduce the risk of heart disease, increase exercise performance and also fight infections caused by microorganisms.

7. Mangoes

24 g of sugar per cup (165 g)

From their very sweet taste, it is easy to tell that mangoes contain a fair amount of sugar. This is together with significant amounts of dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals.

One of these is vitamin A, which is often found in orange coloured fruits such as carrots, sweet potatoes and papaya. Much of this is in the form of beta carotene, which the body converts to vitamin A, a fat soluble vitamin that plays a part in maintaining vision and ensuring the immune system remains healthy.

There’s lots of ways to eat mango. You can enjoy it on its own, add it to smoothies or freeze it and then prepare a healthy sorbet.

8. Bananas

14 g of sugar per medium sized banana (118 g)

As bananas mature, their colour changes from green to yellow and their sugar content increases, which is clearly noticed by their change in sweetness.

Bananas are a source of many important nutrients, including vitamin C, vitamin B6, potassium and dietary fiber. Consuming bananas may be beneficial to digestive, heart and kidney health.

They have a soft texture and can be enjoyed in a variety of ways. For example, bananas are often a primary ingredient used when preparing smoothies. They can also be frozen and then used to make healthy ice cream.

9. Passion fruit

26.4 g of sugar per cup (236 g)

This is a fruit that is not as commonly known as many others in this list. It is native to South America and grown in tropical and sub-tropical areas of the world. Passion fruit is oval in shape and has a tough outer rind with a juicy interior, consisting of many seeds.

A cup of passion fruit provides you with large amounts of vitamin C, vitamin A, iron, phosphorus and potassium. It is also a source of compounds such as carotenoids and polyphenols, both of which have antioxidant effects.

To eat passion fruit, you need to cut it in half to get to the juicy fleshy inside. This can then be eaten on its own or added to salads, smoothies, yogurt and desserts.

10. Apples

19 g of sugar per medium sized apple (182 g)

Apples are definitely one of the most popular fruits out there, being available pretty much everywhere in the world. There are a lots of varieties, including Gala, Fuji, Braeburn and Granny Smith, to name a few. Their colours also vary, from bright green to deep red.

Because apples are high in fiber and water, they are filling, which is beneficial when trying to lose weight. In this study for example, overweight women added apples or oat cookies to their diet, both of which had similar amounts of calories and fiber. The participants who ate apples lost more weight and ate fewer calories overall.

Studies have also found that apples may be beneficial for gut, heart and bone health.

11. Blueberries

15 g of sugar per cup (148 g)

If there is one fruit out there that has been touted for its health benefits, its definitely the blueberry, and is often referred to as a “superfood“. One reason for this is because blueberries are thought to have the highest antioxidant capacity when compared to other common fruits and vegetables.

This study found that drinking a mixture of blueberry and apple juice reduced free radical damage to DNA by 20%. Another study found that obese adults who ate a 50 g serving of blueberries daily had a decrease in LDL cholesterol oxidation by 27%.

Fresh blueberries are the best kind but may not be available where you live. If that’s the case, opt for the frozen variety instead.

12. Pineapples

16 g of sugar per cup (165 g)

Another very sweet tasting tropical fruit, the pineapple has a unique appearance. It is also the only known source of bromelain, an enzyme that is thought to fight inflammation, reduce the risk of cancer and improve gut & digestive health.

Pineapples are also one of the top 10 best fruit sources of vitamin C, providing you with all of your daily requirement per one cup serving. Additionally, they contain small amounts of the B vitamins, magnesium and potassium.

They can be enjoyed in similar ways to other tropical fruits, such as mango.


The amount of sugar found in fruits varies greatly, with dried fruits containing the most amount. The table below shows how much sugar is found in 100 g of various fruits.










Passion Fruit





























You may also find our article on low sugar fruits interesting.

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Tránh xa những phi vụ đầu tư phức tạp

Người làm ăn khôn ngoan là biết đầu tư vào những thứ thuộc sở trường hoặc ít nhất họ có thể tìm để hiểu. Với những kiểu đầu tư quá phức tạp ví dụ như các quỹ đầu cơ và các chứng khoán thế chấp, ẩn chứa nhiều rủi ro, họ thường sẽ tránh xa. Điều đó không có nghĩa là họ sợ khó khăn mà họ muốn có thêm thời gian học hỏi, khi đủ kiến thức, kinh nghiệm, có thể làm chủ để vượt qua thử thách họ mới “nhúng tay” vào. Nếu không hiểu về cái họ sẽ đầu tư, người giàu sẽ không mạo hiểm để thử.

6 bài học về tiền từ các tỷ phú trên thế giới - 2

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How to avoid using the world 'very'?

How to avoid using the world 'very'

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Tên tiếng Anh 1 số loại thực phẩm, rau củ quả, gia vị thảo mộc

A Clove of Garlic: Tép tỏi
Acerola/Barbados cherry: Trái sơ-ri Vietnam
Allspice (Jamaica pepper, Myrtle pepper): Hạt tiêu Gia-mai-ca
Almond Extract: Dầu hạnh nhân
Almond Paste: Bột hạnh nhân
Alum: Phèn chua
Amberella / Java plum / Great hog plum / Otaheite Apple: Trái cóc vàng
Amarelle: German cherry, một loại trái ăn rất chua (ex: sơ-ri)
Annatto or Annatto seeds: Hột điều màu
Annona Glabra: Trái Bình Bát
Apple: Táo, bom
Apple Butter: Bơ táo
Apricot: Trái mơ
Areca Nut: Hột cau
Aroma: Mùi thơm
Artichoke: Cây atisô
Asian Pear: Quả lê tàu
Asparagus: Măng tây
Asparagus Bean / String Bean: Đậu Đũa
Avocado: Trái bơ
Ananas: Dứa
Atemoya / Sugar apple / Custart apple: Mãng cầu dai

Bael Fruit: Trái quách
Bamboo Shoot: Măng
Banana: Chuối
Barley: Lúa mạch
Barley sugar: Kẹo mạch nha
Basil: Cây húng quế
Bay Leaves: Lá quế; Lá thơm
Bean Curd: Đậu hủ
Bean paste: Tương đậu
Bean curd sheet: Tàu hủ ki
Bean sprout: Giá
Bearberry: Tên một loại trái cây màu đỏ (sơ-ri)
Beet: Củ dền
Bell Pepper: Ớt chuông
Bellfruit / Water Apple: Trái mận miền nam Vietnam
Betel Leaf: Lá Trầu
Biffin: Táo đỏ để nấu ăn, sấy khô và ép mỏng
Black Butter: Bơ đen
Black-Eyed Pea: Đậu trắng
Blackberry: Quả mọng đen
Black moss: tóc tiên
Black Pepper: Tiêu đen
Black Bean: Đậu đen
Black Plum: Mận đen
Blueberry: Trái sim Mỹ / Trái Việt quất
Bok Choy: Cải bẹ trắng
Bottle Gourd / Ornamental Gourd: Bầu Nậm / Bầu Hồ lô
Bouquet Garni: Bó lá thơm dùng làm gia vị
Bran: Cám
Breadfruit: Trái sakê
Broccoli: Bông cải xanh
Buld: Củ (hành, tỏi ...)

Cabbage: Bắp cải
Cacao: Cây ca cao
Calamondin: Tắc
Candy Coconut: Mứt dừa
Cane Syrup: Sirup mía
Canistel: Trái trứng gà, Trái Lê ki ma
Capers: Cây bạch hoa
Cardamon: Bột đậu khấu
Carrot: Cà rốt
Cashews: Hạt điều ăn
Cashew apple: Cuống điều
Cashew Nut: Đào lộn hột
Cassava: Cây sắn
Cassava root: Khoai mì
Catawissa: Hành ta
Cauliflower: Hoa cải, hoa lơ
Cayenne; Cayenne Pepper: Ớt cayen bột nguyên chất
Celery: Cần tây
Celery Salt: Gia vị cần & muối
Celery Seeds: Hột cần tây
Centella: Rau má
Ceylon Spinach / Vine Spinach / Malabar Spinach: Rau mồng tơi
Chan pei: Trần bì / vỏ quýt khô
Chayote : Su su
Cherry: Trái Anh đào
Cherimoya: Mãng cầu Mễ
Chestnut: Hạt dẻ
Chilli (US) / Chilli sauce: Ớt / Tương ớt
Chilli Oil: Dầu ớt
Chilli paste: Ớt sa-tế
Chilli Powder: Bột ớt
Chinese Parky: Ngò tàu
Chives: Cây hành búi /hẹ
Chocolate Plant / Cacao: Hột Cacao
Chopped lemon grass: Xả Băm
Chutney: Nước chấm Ấn Độ (gồm xoài, dấm, ớt...)
Cluster Fig: Sung Vietnam
Cilantro: Ngò
Cinnamon: Quế
Chitronella: Xả trắng
Clove: Đinh hương
Coarse Salt: Muối hột
Cobbler: Bánh ngọt nhân trái cây
Cocoa Powder: Bột cacao
Coconut: Dừa
Coconut milk / Coconut cream: Nước cốt dừa
Coconut juice: Nước dừa
Coconut meat: Cơm dừa
Coffee Bean: Trái cà phê
Coleslaw: Xà lách cải bắp
Collard Greens: Rau xanh (một loại rau xanh giống lá bắp cải)
Compote: Mứt Quả
Coriander: (Thực) Cây rau mùi; Rau răm
Coriander / Cilantro: Ngò
Coriander seeds: Hột ngò
Corn: bắp
Corn Flour: Bột bắp
Corn Oil: Dầu bắp
Cornstarch thickener / Cornflour thickener: Bột ngô; bột bắp
Courgette / Zucchini (US): Bí đao xanh
Cranberry: Trái Nam việt quất
Cresson (Fr) / Watercress: Salad son
Crested Latesummer Mint / Vietnamese Balm: Rau Kinh Giới / Húng Chanh
Cucumber: Dưa leo
Cicista Sinensis Lamk: Dây tơ hồng / Thố ty đằng
Culantro / Sawtooth / Saw-leaf herb / Spiritweed: Ngò Gai
Cumquat: Trái quất, trái tắc
Curly Endive: Xà lách dúm
Curry Powder: Bột cà-ri
Custard: Sữa trứng, kem trứng
Custart Apple: Mãng cầu / Trái na

Date: Chà là
Damson: Cây Mận tía
Date: Quả chà là; Cây chà là
Dendrophtoe Pentandra: Dây Chùm Gởi
Desiccated Coconut: Dừa Sấy
Dill: Cây thì là Dills: Thì là hay thìa là
Dried cloved: Đinh Hương
Dried dates: Mật Châu
Dried lime peel: Vỏ Chanh
Dried lily flower: Kim Châm
Dried orange peel: Vỏ Cam
Dried mandarin peel / Tangerine Peel: Vỏ quít
Dried Pork Skin: Bì khô
Dried Sea Weed: Thổ tai / Phổ tai
Dried Tien vua: Rau Tiến vua
Dried Tremella: Nấm Tuyết
Durian: Trái Sầu Riêng

Eclipta Alba: Cỏ Mực
Edible yam: Khoai từ
Edible Luffa / Dish Cloth Liffa / Spong Gourd: Mướp Hương
Egg: Trứng
Eggplant: Cà tím
Elixirs: Thuốc tiên
Elsholtzia: Rau Kinh giới
Endive: Rau Diếp quăn
English Walnut: (Anh) Cây hồ đào; quả hồ đào
Essences: Tinh dầu; nước hoa
Extract pandan flavour: Dầu lá dứa

Ferment cold cooked rice: Cải tía
Fig: (Tàu) Cây vả / Sung Ý
Five spice seasoning: Ngũ vị hương
Floating enhydra: Rau ôm
Florets: Hoa con
Frangipani: Cây đại; Hương hoa đại
Fish Mint: Rau Dấp cá
Fuzzy Squash / Mao Qua: Bí Đao

Gai lan: Cải làn
Gai choy / Mustard green: Cải đắng (dùng để muối dưa)
Galangal: Củ Giềng
Game-Egg: Trứng gà chọi
Garlic: Tỏi
Garlic Powder: Bột tỏi
Garlic Salt: Gia vị tỏi muối
Gherkin: Dưa chuột nhỏ còn xanh (để ngâm giấm)
Ginger Beer: Nước uống pha gừng
Ginger Bread: Bánh mì có gừng
Ginger-nut: Bánh ngọt ướp gừng
Ginger-wine: Rượu ngọt pha gừng
Ginger, Ginger root: Gừng
Glutinous Rice Flour: Bột nếp
Goji Berry / Chinese Wolfberry: Kỷ tử / Câu kỷ
Gold Apple: Trái thị
Gotu Kola / Penny Wort: Rau Má
Gourd: Quả bầu; quả bí; cây bầu; cây bí
Gracilaria: Rau câu
Grape: Nho
Grape Fruit / Grape pomelo: Bưởi
Grenadine Sirup: Si rô Lựu
Green Asparagus: Măng Tây
Green Apricot: Trái Mơ xanh
Green Bean: Đậu xanh
Green Onion: Hành lá
Green tea: Trà xanh
Grenadine: Xi-rô Lựu
Groundnut: Đậu Phụng
Guava: Ổi
Gumbo: Cây Mướp Táo Hàng Xách Tay

Hairy Gourd / Mao qwa: Bí Đao
Halva, halvah: Mứt mật ong trộn vừng
Heleocharis: Củ năng, mã thầy
Herbs: Dược thảo
Hip: Quả Tầm xuân
Honey: Mật ong
Honeydew Melon: Dưa xanh; Dưa mật
Hardy Asian Pear: Lê tàu / Lê nhựt

Ice buerg lettuce: Xà lách búp

Jackfruit: Trái Mít
Jabotibaca: Trái bồ quân / Hồng quân
Jam: Mứt
Jamaican Cherry / Capulin: Trái trứng cá
Japanese Plum / Loquat: Trái Thanh Trà / Tỳ bà
Jelly: Thạch (nước quả nấu đông)
Jujube: Táo tàu
Jute Plant: Rau đay

Kaffir lime: Chanh thái
Kidney Bean: Đậu tây; đậu lửa
Kiwi;Kiwi Fruit;Kiwifruti: Quả lý gai
Knotgrass: Rau răm
Kohlrabi: Su hào
King orange / Jumbo orange: cam sành
Kumquat: Trái tắc/quýt

Laminaria: Rau bẹ
Langsat: Bòn Bon
Laurel: Cây nguyệt quế
Leek: Cây tỏi tây; củ kiệu
Legumes: Cây họ đậu; hạt đậu
Lemon: Quả chanh vỏ vàng
Lemongrass: Sả
Lime: Chanh vỏ xanh
Lichee Nut: Trái vải
Lentils: Cây đậu lăng; hạt đậu lăng
Lettuce: Rau diếp
Longan: Trái nhãn
Loquat: Cây sơn trà Nhật Bản
Lotus Root: Củ sen; Ngó sen
Lotus Seeds: Hạt sen
Lufa: Mướp Khía
Lychee: Trái vải

Magenta Plant: Lá Cẩm
Mandarin / Tangerine: Quýt
Mango: Xoài
Mangosteen: Măng Cụt
Manioc/Cassava: Cây sắn
Manioca: Bột sắn
Marmalade: Mứt cam
Mimosa: Cây trinh nữ
Mint / Spearmint: Húng nhũi
Morel: Nấm moocsela
Melon: Dưa Tây
Milk Fruit / Star Apple: Vú Sữa
Mountain Apple / Malay Apple / Wax champu: Mận cánh sen
Mushroon: Nấm (ăn được)
Mustard: Mù tạc
Muskmelon: Tên dùng cho cái loại dưa tây thơm như honeydew, cantalope

Nasturtium: Cây sen cạn
Nectar: Nước hoa quả; mật hoa
Nectarine: Quả xuân đào
Noni / Indian Mulberry: Trái Nhàu
Nutmeg: Hạt nhục đậu khấu
Nymphae Stellata: Bông Súng

Olive: Trái o-liu
Olive Oil: Dầu ô-liu
Okra: Đậu bắp
Onion: Hành củ, Hành tây
Orache: Rau lê
Orange: Cam
Orange Water / Orange Flower Water: Màu nước cam; màu nước hoa cam
Oriental Canna: Dong Riềng
Ornamental Pepper: Ớt Kiểng
Opo / Bottle Gourd: Trái Bầu
Oppositifolius Yam: Khoai mì
Otaheite apple / Tahitian quince: Trái cóc
Otaheite gooseberries: Trái Chùm ruột

Pandan: Lá Dứa
Paprika: Ớt cựa gà
Parsley: Rau mùi tây; Cần tây
Papaw / Papaya: Đu đủ
Patèque / Watermelon: Dưa hấu
Pawpaw: Cây đu đủ
Passion fruit: Trái Chanh dây
Passiflora Foetida: Trái Chùm Bao / Nhãn Lồng
Peach: Đào
Pear: Lê
Peanut: Hạt Đậu Phụng
Pear: Quả Lê
Peas: Đậu Hà Lan
Pecan: Cây Hồ đào; trái hồ đào
Pepper: Hạt tiêu; tiêu
Peppermint: Cây Bạc hà
Pepperpot: Thịt nấu ớt
Perilla leaf: Lá Tía tô
Persimmon: Trái Hhồng
Petit pois: Hạt đậu non, ngọt
Phoenix Paludosa: Cây Chà là
Physalis Angulata: Trái Thù lù / Lù đù
Pineapple: Thơm, dứa
Pine Nuts: Hạt ăn được trong một số quả thông
Piper Lolot: Lá Lốt
Pistachio: Quả Hồ trăn
Pitahaya / Dragon fruit: Thanh long
Plum: Mận
Plum: Quả mận
Polygonum: Rau Răm
Pomegranate: Trái Lựu
Plantain: Chuối Sáp
Potato: Khoai tây
Potato Chip: Khoanh khoai tây rán
Potato Flour: Bột khoai tây
Potato oil: Dầu khoai tây
Pot-Au-Feu: Món thịt bò hầm rau
Pulses: Hạt đậu
Pumpkin: Quả bí ngô; bí đỏ; bí rợ
Pumpkin buds: Rau bí

Radish: Củ cải đỏ
Ramie leaf: Lá gai (dùng để làm bánh gai)
Raisin: Nho khô
Rambutan: Chôm chôm
Raspberry: Quả mâm xôi, Một loại Dâu rừng
Raspberry: Cây ngấy/mâm xôi
Red bean: Đậu đỏ
Rhubarb: Cây đại hoàng
Rice: Gạo
Rice Paddy Leaf / Herb: Ngò om
Rice Vinegar: Giấm trắng (làm bằng gạo)
Rose Apple / Malabar Plum: Trái lý / Trái bồ đào
Rosemary: Cây Hương thảo
Rutabaga: Củ Cải nghệ

Sadao Flowers: Cây sầu đâu
Safflower: Cây rum; màu đỏ rum (lấy từ hoa rum); cánh hoa rum
Saffron: Cây Nghệ tây
Sage: Cây Hoa xôn (để làm cho thức ăn thơm)
Sake: Rượu sakê (Nhật)
Salad: Rau xà-lách
Salad Pepperomia / Crab Claw Herb: Rau Càng Cua
Sam Leaf: Cây Sương Sâm (lá dùng để làm thức uống)
Sargasso: Rau Mơ
Sarsaparilla: Cây thổ phục linh; rễ thổ phục linh (dùng để làm thuốc)
Sapodilla: Hồng xiêm, xabôchê
Sauerkraut: Dưa cải muối
Scallion; Scallions/Spring Onions: Hành tăm
Seaweed: Rong biển
Shallots: Cây hành hương, củ hẹ
Sherbet : Nước quả loãng (ướp đá)
Shiso / Purple Basil: Rau Tía tô
Sloe: Quả mận gai
Snow Peas: Đậu Hà Lan
Sonneretia Alba: Bần Đắng
Sonneretia Ovata: Bần Ổi
Sorrel: Rau Chua
Sour Apple: Táo chua (vì còn xanh)
Sour Sop: Mãng cầu xiêm loại chua
Soybean: Đậu nành
Soybean Curd: Đậu hủ
Soy Sauce: Nước tương
Strawberry: Trái dâu
Spice: Gia vị (hồ, tiêu, gừng...v.v..)
Spicy Mint: Húng Cây
Spinach: Rau bina; Rau Dền (or cải bó xôi)
Sprouts: Giá (đậu xanh/đậu nành)
Sprouted Soya: Giá đậu tương
Squash: Quả bí
Star Anise: Tai hồi
Star Anise Powder: Bột tai hồi, tai vị
Strawberry Papaya: Đu đủ tía
String beans: Đậu đũa
Sugar beet: Củ Cải đường
Sugar cane: Cây Mía lau
Sugarcane: Mía
Sugar Apple: Mãng cầu dai, Trái na
Sui choy: Loại cải dùng để làm Kim chi (Bản lớn) / Cải dún)
Surinam Cherry: Sơ-ri cánh sen
Star Apple: Trái vú sữa
Sweet Sop: Mãng cầu xiêm loại ngọt
Sweet Orange: Cam đường
Sweet Potato / spud: Khoai lang
Sweet potato buds: Rau lang
Sweet Rice: Gạo nếp tròn
Sweet Leaf Bush / Sauropus: Rau Bồ Ngót
Star fruit: Khế
Syrup: Sirup

Tamarind: Me
Tangerine: Quýt
Tamarind: Me
Taro / coco-yam: Khoai sọ; khoai nước (cây; củ) ; khoai môn
Tarragon: Cây Ngải Giấm
Thai Egg Plant: Cà Pháo
Thyme: Húng tây
Tianjin Pickled Shredded Cabbage: Cải bắc thảo
Tofu: Tàu hủ
Tomato: Cà chua
Tonkin Jasmine / Tonkin Creeper / Pakalana Vine: Bông Thiên Lý
Trapa bicornis: Trái Ấu / Củ Ấu
Turmeric: Củ Nghệ
Tungho / Garlard Chrysanthemum: Rau Tần Ô / Cải Cúc
Turnip: Củ Cải
Typha Augustifolia: Bồn Bồn

Vanilla: Vani
Vanilla Extract: Dầu Vani
Vanilla Sugar: Đường Vani
Vegetable Oil: Dầu Rau Củ

Water Apple: Mận hồng đào
Water Berry: Trái trâm
Water Chestnut: Hạt dẻ; Củ năng
Watercress: Cải xoong
Water dropwort: Rau Cần Nước
Watermelon: Dưa Hấu
Water morning glory: Rau Muống
Water Taro: Khoai Nước
Wax Bean/Green Bean: Đậu Que
Wheat Starch: Bột mì tinh
Welsh Onion: Hành ta
White Nectarine: Mận Đào Trắng
White Radish: Củ Cải Trắng
Wild Betel leave: Lá Lốt
Winged Yam: Khoai Vạc
Winter Melon / Wax Gourd: Bí Đao

Yam: (Mỹ) Khoai lang
Yarrow: Cỏ Thi (dược thảo dùng dể nấu ăn)

Zest: Vỏ Cam / Vỏ Chanh
Zucchini: (Mỹ) Quả bí ngòi

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